European Day of the Bicycle

Originally, Opel has become famous by their bikes, not cars

Rüsselsheim is known for cars nowadays. But that was only Opel’s second career. Way back in 1886, the first penny farthing rolled out of the Rüsselsheim factory. Two years later, the Opel bicycles were so popular that the bicycle association „Radfahrer-Verein Opel Rüsselsheim 1888 e.V.“ was founded. And in the 1920s, Opel was – go figure! – the largest bicycle manufacturer worldwide.

The five Opel sons, Carl, Wilhelm, Heinrich, Friedrich and Ludwig, were bike enthusiasts and truly successful racers - but also moved their Dad's bike and sewing machine business into modern times by the decision to manufacture automobiles from 1899 on.

 The founder, Adam Opel, had five sons who served as the best PR professionals for their Dad’s business by racing his bikes and winning, in toto, over 560 races. Sometimes, though, they simply rode for pleasure (and PR, alike) on the special custom-made

The Opel lightning - originally found not on cars, but as front mud guard ornaments of bicycles

So it was a matter of respect towards the bicycle tradition of the area to ride the Rüsselsheim tour on today’s European Day of the Bicycle. And sure enough, my 1997 Lemond Tourmalet looked like a youngster among all those well-polished and very apparently truly loved beauties of the 20s and 30s.

Another local was present as well, a Frisch-auf bicycle also manufactured in the Rhein-Main area, in Offenbach, from 1912 on.

Frisch-auf bicycles for the working class people - too close to socialist ideology for the Nazis to tolerate

This factory was organized as a wholesale cooperative, supporting the idea of the workers and socialists of providing the working class with a means of transportation and mobility at an affordable cost. Something the Nazis didn’t like too much and made an end to by disappropriation as one of their first actions after coming into power, in 1933.

Understandably, the Retro Pedal tour participants seemed to favor a different, earlier time of the Opel (and other) bicycles, namely the first two decades of the 20th century, as put on display by most participants cycling dresses. With only some accessoires dating even further back:

Spats date back into Biedermeier era, then went out of fashion, but were re-discovered around 1900 by sportsmen such as bicyclists.

 

Historic picture of the Opel Bros. taken from Rüsselsheim-Ruderklub 08 e.V.

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